Hi there, in this segment we would like to give you some tips on what to watch out for in order to keep your four-legged friend happy.
Here’s our new food tip. The below are foods that are considered poisonous and dangerous to your pet. Please read and keep them in mind while thinking about your pet’s diet. This list just highlights a few potential poisons and is not exhaustive.
– Baby Food (usually contains onions): Can also result in nutritional deficiencies, if fed in large amounts.
– Bones from fish, chicken, beef, etcs: Can cause obstruction or laceration of the digestive system.
– Cat Food: Too much protein and fat for dogs.
– Chocolate, Coffee, Tea and other caffeine products: Contain caffeine, theobromine, or theophylline, which can be toxic and affect the heart and nervous systems.
– Fat Trimmings: Can cause pancreatitis.
– Garlic & Onions (raw, cooked or powder form): Contain sulfoxides and disulfides, which can damage red blood cells and cause anemia.
– Grapes & Raisins: Contain an unknown toxin, which can damage the kidneys.
– Human Vitamin Supplements that contain IRON: Can damage the lining of the digestive system and be toxic to the other organs including the liver and kidneys.
– Large quantities of liver: Can cause Vitamin A toxicity, which affects muscles and bones.
– Macademia nuts: Contain an unknown toxin, which can affect the digestive and nervous systems and muscle. (Benny has first hand experience of this: http://bennyxobile.blogspot.com/2008/02/my-chinese-new-year.html)
– Mushrooms: Can contain toxins, which may affect multiple systems in the body, cause shock, and result in death.
– Raw eggs: Contain an enzyme called avidin, which decreases the absorption of biotin (a B vitamin). This can lead to skin and hair coat problems. Raw eggs may also contain Salmonella.
– Raw Fish: Can result in a thiamine (a B vitamin) deficiency leading to loss of appetite, seizures, and in severe cases, death. More common if raw fish is fed regularly.
– Salt: Can cause electrolyte imbalances.
– Sugary Foods: Can lead to obesity, dental problems and diabetes
– Table Scraps: Table scraps are not nutritionally balanced. They should never be more than 10% of the diet. Fat should be trimmed from meat; bones should not be fed. (We think they shld be only 5% of the diet, but note that feeding from the table also causes behavioural issues…like begging!)
– Xylitol (artificial sweeter): Can cause liver failure.
As you can see, the list is long. One other rule you should remember is to AVOID FEEDING SEEDS from vegetables or fruits. The poisons tend to be in the seeds of plants – like apple seeds can be poisonous and larger pits can cause obstruction in the digestive tract.
Feed a high quality dog food and while supplements are good, be careful to not over supplement. Large quantities of certain vitamins can cause organ damage too.
Here’s the link to a webpage we think is one of the most comprehensive online. They also list poisonous plants. http://www.entirelypets.com/toxicfoods.html
The first and most important tip is FOOD. Yummy! And 99% of dogs will gulp, chomp and eat any tasty type of treat and food. We as loving pet owners are likely to have our heart melt when our cute furry friends look at us with those pleading eyes whilst we snack or eat our food.
It cannot be stressed enough that most of the human food is not meant for our doggy friends. It is very important that we watch out for their health by not feeding them human food, especially the processed types. It is best to feed them only good quality dog food and treats. If food is bought from doggy cafes, you should always watch out for any potential allergic reactions or stomach upsets. To avoid stomach upsets, it is best to avoid giving them large quantities of foods that they are not used to. Something like how most people may have stomach problems on their first full bowl of curry.
The next thing is not to feed more than recommended. About 15% of the pet dogs I see in Singapore are overweight to incredibly obese. Carefully keep track of how much food you feed your pet by measuring out the amounts for each feed. Follow the recommended amount by the checking the packing of the dog food.
After that, make sure that everyone in the household does not give out treats without control. If everyone in the household loves to give treats ensure a fixed small amount is set aside for daily treats. This amount does not have to be used up each day but it should never be exceeded. For treats used in training, I would suggest breaking the bits in half especially for small sized dogs.
Remember, a health is wealth and this goes for the dogs too. In keeping them in the healthy weight range, you give them better heart health, joint health and longevity too! Annual vet checks should be done as always.
So until the next tip, restrain yourself in treating your pet so as to keep them healthy and happy. Good luck!